The Islamic observance of the holy month of Ramadan (رمضان) for 2021 begins on (or near to, depending on the sighting of the moon) the evening of Thursday, April 12 and ends on the evening of Saturday, May 12 with the concluding holiday of Eid al Fitr.
All students, employees and faculty who request it, should be accommodated. For most Muslims, the first and last days of Ramadan are usually spent in worship and students, employees and faculty should be excused from activities if requested. Some Muslims also observe an exclusion period in the mosque (Iʿtikāf ) during the last 10 days of Ramadan and may need accommodation.
Importantly, during the entire month of Ramadan, believers fast during the daylight hours. Part of accommodation should therefore include discouraging others from eating or drinking in class or in other settings where attendance is mandatory. Consideration should also be given to requiring attendance at meetings where food is served (as in serving meals or snacks during the meeting).
Ramadan: Islam’s Holy Month
|Lailat ul Qadr|
Restrictions around the world demand social distancing, curfews and stay-at-home lockdown laws in place to fight the spread of the virus. This, in turn, restricts gatherings for iftar and public charity tables and centers. These are now banned or heavily curtailed in most countries. Likewise Ramadan in many countries is a time of crowded street stalls and bazaars selling food, clothing and more. These too have been shut down or heavily limited because of the need to curb the spread of the virus.
For example, Oman, at the most extreme lockdown , has banned tarawih prayers and iftar gatherings altogether while prohibiting all nighttime commercial activities and even the use of vehicles. Oman is also closing its borders to all non-Omanis throughout Ramadan.
Finally, in Muslim-minority countries mosques (as most religious sites such as churches and synagogues) will remain closed for Ramadan as in Belgium, France, limited in number of attendees or closed during night hours as in the Netherlands, or left to individual communities. In other countries, mosques are opened but Islamophobic attacks have become so pervasive that many worshippers may fear attending services. This is especially the case in Australia where roughly 1/3 of the nation's mosques have been targeted by hate crimes.
|Fanoos lanterns for sale|
|Hands decorated with henna|
While Ramadan foods vary from region to region throughout India and Pakistan, one food common to iftar throughout both countries is the samosa. A samosa is a fried, triangle-shaped pastry stuffed with any number of fillings. These can include vegetables, meat, chicken, potatoes and more.This accompanied with a dipping chutney of, from among others, mint, coriander, tamarind. In fact, there are so many varieties of samosas, that an entire site is dedicated to them at
|Panjat pinang pole-climbing|
| Indonesians trapped in traffic |
in Karawang at conclusion of Eid al-Fitr
|Malays shopping for flowers|
|A Ramadan Bazaar|
in Kuala Lumpur
|Qatari children dressed for Garangao|
|Firing the cannon|
at Naif Palace
Traditionally at Ramadan, the Kyrgyz accompany their evening meal with drinks made from special Ramadan kurut. A kurut is a dried yogurt ball.
|Ramadan kurut balls|
Osh Bazaar, Bishkek
The Kyrgyz use Ramadan kurut to make a variety of Ramadan beverages. The balls are dissolved in carbonated water and mixed with tomatoes and onions for a savory drink. The balls are dissolved in hot water and mixed with sugar and creamy oil for a dessert drink. In either case, the kurut drinks are special for the holiday and represent a one-time-a-year tradition.
After prayers, traditional games such as ekrour and essik dominate the Ramadan nightlife, especially for women. Women throughout the country form teams and compete with each other.
Morocco World News, "Ramadan Life and Traditions in Ramadan," http://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2014/06/132599/ramadan-life-and-traditions-in-morocco/
Opening clip art: http://i1.squidoocdn.com/resize/squidoo_images/250/draft_lens19160628module157196200photo_1330258970aaa__a.jpg
Ramadan fast clip art (adapted from): http://fc09.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2010/224/f/3/RAMADAN_MUBARAK_1431h_by_bx.jpg
Mosque clip art: http://www.clker.com/cliparts/8/2/2/f/1282647222988584111mosque.svg.med.png
Lailat ul-Qadr clip art: http://sapnamagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/laylat-al-qadr.jpg
Radio Tirana lodra: http://web.mclink.it/MJ0350/libera/tirana/tiran19.jpg
Albanian byrek: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Evb%C3%B6re%C4%9Fi.jpg
Egyptian fanoos lanterns for sale: http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/ramadanlanterns.htm
Henna hands: http://www.america.gov/multimedia/photogallery.html#/30145/multi_ramadan/
Palestininan ghraybeh: https://palestineinadish.com/recipes/ghraybeh-with-pistachios/
Bedug drum: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_kXYte55FGyo/SKQqfZtVKkI/AAAAAAAAAN8/wTs3t3m6iMo/s320/bedug.jpg
Panjat pinang pole climbers: http://www.odditycentral.com/pics/panjat-pinang-a-slippery-tradition-of-thailand.html
Indonesians trapped in traffic in Karawang at conclusion of Eid al-Fitr: http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01712/ramadan-indonesia2_1712808i.jpg
Ramadan flowers for sale in Malaysia: http://www.america.gov/multimedia/photogallery.html#/30145/multi_ramadan/
Ramada Bazaar, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: http://allmalaysia.info/2011/08/19/ramadan/
Qatari children dressed for Garangao: http://www.cbq.com.qa/NewsDetails.aspx?id=344
Iftar cannon, Naif Palace, Kuwait: http://www.q8nri.com/home/2010/08/17/iftar-cannon-a-source-of-attraction-in-kuwait-in-ramadan/
Luqmat al-Qadi: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Loukoumades.jpg
Ramadan kurut balls, Osh Bazaar, Bishkek: http://students.sras.org/what-bishkek-eats-for-ramadan/
Turkish delight: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Honey.jpg
A Morrocan n'far blowing his horn:https://bandbaji.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/cs6-1.jpg
Moroccan chebbakia: http://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2012/07/47742/moroccan-ramadan-pastry-recipe-for-chebbakia/
Lokum (Turkish delight): http://food.detik.com/ramadan/read/2013/07/10/180832/2298527/297/6/legit-gurih-lokum-dan-baklava-sajian-buka-dari-turki
Closing clip art: http://fc02.deviantart.net/fs12/i/2006/265/5/9/Ramadan_Mubarak_by_Muslim_Women.jpg