Welcome to the David Victor Vector Blog

Welcome to the David Victor Vector blog. This is blog that covers religious observances around the world international affairs and global business. This blog describes religious holidays for most major religions as well as raising issues dealing with globalization, international business ethics, cross-cultural business communication and political events affecting business in an integrated world economy. I look forward your discussion and commentary on these articles and subjects. Enjoy!

Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Fall 2018 Religious Holidays

For several years now, I have posted as a reference overviews for many of the religious observances for Bahai'ism, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, neo-Paganism, Sikhism and Wicca. This is intended to allow those teaching or otherwise following a semester academic calendar to  accommodate students, faculty and staff who wish to observe them.

As Fall Semester starts again, we are now coming upon the start of the cycle of holidays once more. For many of these holidays (those from religions that follow calendars that differ from the Gregorian calendar), the dates in the secular year will differ but the main content of the posts should not. 

To that end, I would like to give the dates for the holidays in the next few months paralleling the Fall semester in most US universities (I am, after all, a professor in the United States).

I have noted only holidays to which I have already written a post. These are those holidays that I would argue are the most important holidays within their religion. Admittedly, there are others which may be of strong importance to those who observe them. Thus, I have not included, for example,  the Christian holiday of Advent Sunday on December 1. This does not, however, mean that such holidays are unimportant to those who wish to observe them, which should be kept in mind for religious accommodation purposes.

Similarly, I have left out some holidays that are regionally of importance within a religion but not of such significance beyond the regional context..  For example, I have left out the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe (December 12) which is primarily observed among Mexican Catholics. Likewise excluded is Bathukamma  (this year on October 17) which is primarily observed among Hindus from Telangana state in India.

Note also that observance varies according to practice. For example, Reform and Reconstructionist Jews may observe a holiday for one day that Orthodox and Conservative Jews observe for two days. Some streams of Hinduism may observe Diwali for five full days, while others may do so for one, two or three days. While all Muslims recognize Ashurah as a holiday, it holds much greater significance in Shi'a tradition than in most other branches of Islam. Because of this, two people of the same faith may observe the same holiday for different lengths. These are explained for each holiday in the connected blog post. The main point here, though, is that we should recognize such differences in practice as legitimate.

FALL 2018 RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS

The list below gives the date for 2018, the name of the holiday, the main religion observing the holiday and the previous David Victor Vector post on that holiday.While the dates on the links may be from an earlier year, all of these are regularly updated, and all are corrected for the date when it changes.



Sunday, September 9 sunset through Monday, September 10 sunset  (for most Reform and Reconstructionist Jews) or sunset Tuesday, September 11 (for Conservative and Orthodox Jews) 
        Rosh HaShanah  
            Judaism
            http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2012/09/rosh-hashanah-2012.html   


Tuesday, September 18 sunset through Wednesday, September 19 sunset
Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement
Judaism
            http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2012/09/yom-kippur.html


Thursday, September 20 sunset through Friday, September 21 sunset (depending on the sighting of the moon) or for some traditions in North America October 11 at sunset through October 12
             Ashura
             Islam, especially Shi’a
             http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2015/09/ashura-2015.html

Saturday, September 22
Autumnal Equinox/Mabon/Ostara
     Sunday, September 23
     Kshamavani/Forgiveness Day
     Jainism
                No link as yet


Sunday, September 23 sunset through September 30 sunset
Note: The first two days are major observance days for most Conservative and Orthodox Jews)
           Sukkot/Festival of Booths/Festival of Tabernacles 
           Judaism
           http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2015/09/sukkot-hoshanah-rabah-shemini-atzeret.html

Sunday, September 30 sunset through Tuesday, October 2 sunset
Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah
Judaism
        Note: Technically two holidays falling back to back

October 31 sunset through November 1 
Samhain
Wicca, Neo-Paganism, Neo-Druidism
  November 1
  All Saints Day

November 1
Reformation Day
Lutheranism, some Protestant sects
http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2011/10/samhain-all-saints-day-dia-de-los.html



Friday, November 2
All Souls Day/Día de los Muertos
Roman Catholicism
http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2011/10/samhain-all-saints-day-dia-de-los.html



Monday, October 15 - Friday, October 19
Durga Puja/Durgosava and Vijayadashami/Dusara
Hinduism
Note: Dasara is technically either a separate holiday or the concluding day of Durga Puja
               http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2011/10/durga-puja.html


Friday, October 20
Birth of the Bab
Bahai’ism


Tuesday, November 6 - Saturday, November 10
Diwali/Devali
Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism
http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2011/10/divali.html



Monday, November 12
Birthday of Bahá'u'lláh
Bahai'ism
                  http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2011/11/birthday-of-bahaullah.html




        Sunday, December 2 sunset through Monday, December 10 sunset
Chanukah
Saturday, December 8  
Bodhi Day
Buddhism


Wednesday, December 21
Yule/Winter Solstice
Wicca, Neo-Paganism, Neo-Druidism
http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2012/12/yule.html


Christmas
Western Christian faiths (Roman Catholicism, Protestantism)
Tuesday December 25
Eastern Orthodox/ Ethiopian Tewahedo/Coptic Christian faiths
             Monday, January 7, 2019


A FEW CLOSING REMARKS

Before I go on, I should note that all holidays in Islam begin with the actual sighting of the moon. Therefore, the dates given for Eid al-Adha and Ashura are the likely dates for the holiday depending on the sighting conditions. Some debate exists regarding where the moon sighting should occur (e.g., locally or in Mecca). This may also cause observance to fall on a day before or after that indicated in this list. The date given here does not intend to suggest that one or the other interpretation is correct; this date is merely intended to be information for the date most widely observed in North America.

In all likelihood, I have overlooked a holiday or observance. Please feel free to share this with me.

While the links to many of the holidays above were posted in earlier years, they are regularly updated as the holiday approaches for this year. The dates in this post are (to the best of my knowledge) correct for 2018.

Finally, I would like to ask you to spread the word about this blog. If you are not formally a follower, please do add your name to the list through your Google, Twitter, AIM, Netlog or Yahoo account.


Thanks so much!

Monday, August 20, 2018

Eid al-Adha 2018

In 2018, on the evening of Monday, August 20 concluding on the evening of Tuesday, August 21 at sunset, (depending on the sighting of the moon) marks the beginning of the three days of the Moslem holiday of Eid al-Adha or the Festival of the Sacrifice. Students, staff and faculty should be accommodated for observance of the holiday. Some debate exists as to whether the holiday should be marked by when it occurs over Mecca or when it occurs in the location in question (for instance, North America).   For some, therefore, the holiday may begin on August 21 at sunset. I take no stance on this, and am merely stating that some differences may exist in interpretation.

Dating the Holiday

The holiday actually begins every year on the 10 Dhu al-Hijjah in the Islamic calendar.  However, since the Gregorian calendar (the one used in the secular United States) is a solar calendar and the Islamic calendar is a lunar one, the date of Eid al-Adha (as with all Moslem holidays) appears to travel within the Gregorian calendar. 

About Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha is Arabic for the Festival of Sacrifice, and is named in remembrance of the readiness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son. In the Koran (37:99–111), the son whom Ibrahim is willing to sacrifice is not named; however, in Islamic tradition, the son is believed to be Ismail (Ishmael), not (Ishaq) Isaac as in the Jewish and Christian versions of the story.  In Islam, both sons are considered prophets. 

Another name for the holiday is Eid al-Kabir or the Greater Eid (in contrast to the earlier Eid al-Fitr, the Lesser Eid that marks the end of Ramadan). Eid al-Kabir is the name more commonly used in North AfricaYemen and Syria. Because of this, in French, the name of the holiday is Aid el-Kebir. In Turkish, the holiday is called Kurban Bayrami and as a result, the holiday is called by some variant of Kurban in many of the languages of those nations formally under the rule of the Ottoman Empire including Kurdish, Albanian, Serbo-Croatian and Azeri as well as borrowed from the Turkish in many other languages including Russian, Pashto, Sindhi, Kazakh, Farsi, Pashto and Tatar. 

Association with the Hajj

Eid al-Adha also marks the end of the Hajj to Mecca (Makkah). The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, required of every Moslem once in his or her lifetime. For this reason, the holiday is sometimes called the Festival of the Hajj (Hari Raya Haji in Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Malaysia). 


Pilgrims during the Hajj Pilgrimage in Mecca, 2018

The Saudi government estimates that for 2018, the number of pilgrims exceeded 2 million. 

This 2 million mark is important as it continues the trend toward larger hajj numbers. Last year, in 2017. the Saudi government recorded over 2.35 million pilgrims. This was the first time the number of pilgrims has been allowed to pass the 2 million mark after a series of restrictions had been in place. 

Five years ago in 2013, the Saudi government began to set greater restrictions for the number of pilgrims. This resulted in the first substantial decrease in numbers. In 2013 pilgrims also stayed away due to worldwide fears of the deadly MERS outbreak on the Arabian Peninsula coupled with Saudi governmental fears regarding the Ebola outbreak (the Saudi government banned pilgrims from Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, effectively preventing 7400 Muslims scheduled to come from those nations). This saw the number of pilgrims fall to just 1.98 million (with 1.38 million from outside Saudi Arabia). Even greater restrictions followed so that 2014 was among the smallest pilgrimages in years: 1.4 million from abroad and 700,000 from within Saudi Arabia. 

This decline was notable since the number of pilgrims had consistently risen before the 2013 concerns. Indeed, the 2012 hajj was the largest in history, according to the official Saudi Ministry of Hajj, with 3.2 million people participated in the pilgrimage. For each year, the number of visitors had marginally though steadily grown (for instance, 2.8 million in 2010; 2.9 million in 2011). 

In 2015 saw much greater numbers of pilgrims. While there were still fears over MERS, Saudi concerns regarding the Ebola outbreak had lessened notably. As a result, in 2015, the Hajj saw 1.95 million pilgrims, just shy of the 2 million mark. While this represented an increase of 600,000 visitors, this was still far short of the figures reached before Saudi authorities began placing greater restrictions on the number of visitors. 



Unfortunately, the increased number of pilgrims coupled with inadequate crowd control resulted in two disasters: the Mecca Crane Collapse and the Mina Stampede. First on September 11, 2015 in the days leading up to the hajj, a crane collapsed on a crowd of worshippers, killing 111 and injuring scores of others. The crane, ironically, had been working to improve the safety of Mecca's Grand Mosque. Far worse, though, came during the 2015 hajj itself. At approximately 9:00 AM on September 24, 2015 for reasons still not clear, pilgrims began to stampede. The uncontrolled crowd panicked and when it had subsided, at thousands of pilgrims had died from suffocation or being crushed or trampled to death. The figure provided by the Associated Press and Al-Jazeera was 2177 dead. Iran's government announced that over 4700 people had died (although they provided no evidence for their claim). http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/10/19/hajj-disaster-death-toll-over-two-thousand.html 

In 2016, the hajj pilgrim numbers fell again, though only slightly to 1.86 million pilgrims. This may have been in response to the 2015 disaster, and officially limiting numbers.


(For official Hajj statistics see the "Hajj Statistics," Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's General Authority for Statistics site at: https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/page/93 
For more on the 2013 situation, please see http://www.ummah.com/forum/showthread.php?379857-Hajj-2013-Statistics   http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article529551.ece and http://blogs.voanews.com/breaking-news/2011/11/05/saudi-arabia-hosts-nearly-3-million-hajj-pilgrims/ . For more on the 2014 hajj including Ebola concerns, please see: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29461229 
For figures over time, see, Number of Hajj pilgrims in Saudi Arabia 1995-2017, Statista: https://www.statista.com/statistics/617696/saudi-arabia-total-hajj-pilgrims/ )


Nature of the Hajj

The Qaabah
The Hajj itself runs for five days, starting on the 8th of Dhu al-Hijjah (that is, beginning two days before Eid al-Adha begins) and continues through the end of the Eid on 12 Dhu al-Hijjah. The Hajj involves many rituals and special prayers, and this overview makes no effort to fully describe them.  Among the most notable of these is the Tawaf. The Tawaf is the counterclockwise circling seven times of Islam’s holiest site, the Qaabah (or Kaabah). The Qaabah is a large granite, cube-shaped structure which Moslems believe that Ibraham and Ismail built together after Ismail moved to Mecca. The Qaabah is covered with black silk and gold.  Inside the Qaabah is the Black Stone (al-Hajr al-Aswad) which is the focal point of the Tawaf. Many Moslems believe that the Black Stone was given to Adam and Eve to tell them where to build an altar. The Black Stone was then placed in the Qaabah by Abraham and Ismail. The Black Stone was already an object of worship when the Prophet Mohammed first visited it and kissed it. Following the Prophet’s example, pilgrims traditionally kissed the Black Stone on each of the seven circuits around the Qaabah. As the throngs of pilgrims grew, this has largely become impossible so today the pilgrims point toward the stone with their hand as they near it. The movement of the pilgrims during the Tawaf is felt to symbolize the unity of ummah (the community of all believers) as they worship the unity of Allah.  

Another important ritual is the Ramy al-Jamarat or Stoning of the Devil.  Islam views the sacrifice as a test of Ibrahim and Ismail. During this test, Moslems believe that both Ibrahim and Ismail were tempted by Shaytaan (Satan).  Ibrahim and Ismail threw stones at Shaytaan, and this is re-enacted by pilgrims at the Hajj in the ceremony of the stoning of the jamarat. Pilgrims throw pebbles at three pillars in Mina, each of differing size and symbolically representing Shaytaan’s temptation of  Ibrahim, Hagar (Ismail’s mother) and Ismail to stop the sacrifice. 

While the pilgrims on the Hajj are at the center of the most significant observance on the Eid al-Adha, it is by no means limited to them alone. Indeed, Moslems the world over celebrate Eid al-Adha.  On the Eid, Moslems bathe in the morning and then traditionally dress in their best clothing before going to the mosque for special prayers. The services usually conclude with a khutba (or speech) with a spiritual message usually encouraging those listening to give up any grudges or ill will. After this, it is customary for worshippers to hug one another and to wish one another a Happy Eid. 

Eid al-Adha Traditions and Food

In most traditions, believers, if (they can afford to do so) sacrifice an animal (usually a goat or sheep, although traditions vary) in commemoration of the animal God provided to Ibrahim for sacrifice in place of his son. Indeed, in West Africa the holiday is called Tabaski after this sacrifice. (For a video of Eid sacrifices on Tabaski, please see http://jangawolof.wordpress.com/2007/12/19/happy-tabaski/). Where animals are sacrificed, the meat is shared with others, particularly those who are less fortunate.  Many Moslems also donate food of all sorts – not just the sacrificed animal -- to the poor on the holiday.
"Good Tabaski to all..."


Sheer korma
 
Traditions vary somewhat around the world for Eid al-Adha. In Pakistan and India after special morning Eid prayers, Moslems traditionally eat a dish called sheer korma. 
Sheer korma is a mix of sweet milk, dates and vermicelli. Later in the day, South Asian Moslems also often eat dishes made from the sacrificed animal, with mutton biryani (sheep with saffron rice), mutton korma (sheep stew) and kofta (meatballs in special gravy).  

Moroccan boulfaf
In Morocco, the post-prayer breakfast is customarily herbel (wheat porridge with sugar, milk, honey and orange-flower water). The main meal of the day usually includes lamb, especially boulfaf (grilled lamb liver kababs). 

Bosnian Lonac
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, people traditionally follow morning services with a large lunch of Bosnian lonac (vegetable and meat stew made in a clay pot), dolmas (stuffed onions with paprika) and sarmas (stuffed cabbage). This is usually followed by sweet desserts such as baklava.

USPS first Eid stamp (2001)
In the United States, traditions greatly vary with people often dressing in clothes and eating foods from their ethnic origin. Eid al-Adha, as with other Islamic holidays, has received greater public attention in recent years. In 2001, the US Postal Service began releasing Eid stamps (covering both Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha). The stamps continue to be sold each year at Eid.

In 1999, then-First Lady Hilary Clinton hosted what became a tradition of Eid dinners at the White House. In 2003, George W. Bush was the first President to publicly wish Happy Eid from the White House. This tradition continued under President Barack Obama. In 2017, President Donald Trump discontinued the dinner, although he and First Lady Melania Trump continued the tradition of sending formal Eid greetings from the White House. (For more on the White House Eid dinners, please see Trump breaks "White House Eid dinner tradition," BBC: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-40402211

For more detail on all aspects of the Hajj, look at the Saudi government website from the Ministry of the Hajj :

http://www.hajinformation.com/main/f.htm

http://www.hajinformation.com/display_news.php?id=2188



As always, I welcome your corrections (or praise) and any other input.  In closing, let me wish you all an Eid Mubarek and a Blessed Eid!




Clipart Sources

Sunday, February 18, 2018

Year of the Dog: Business Impact

Friday, February 16, 2018 began the Year of the Dog. This  post is one of a series of three posts discussing the Asian Lunar New Year in general and two discussing the Year of the Dog in particular. In this post, though, we cover the business effects from travel (this is the world's busiest travel period) to special editions of gifts, coins, and stamps for the Year of the Dog.

Please look at this year's other two posts as well:
 

1.   One Year, Many Traditions: Lunar New Year Customs Around the World at  http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2012/01/one-new-year-many-traditions-lunar-new.html
2.    Year of the Earth Dog: Some Background on the specifics of fortune and beliefs about this year's animal sign at   http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2018/02/year-of-fire-dog-some-background.html

You may also be interested to compare this year's overview of the business impact to that of previous years for last year's Year of Rooster, 2016's Year of the Monkey, 2015's Year of the Sheep, 2014's Year of the Horse, 2013's Year of the Snake or 2012's Year of the Dragon. Those posts are at

Rooster:  http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2017/01/year-of-rooster-2017-business-impact.html

Monkey: http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2016/01/year-of-monkey-business-impact.html


Sheep: http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2015/01/year-of-sheep-business-impact.html


Horse: http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2014/01/year-of-horse-business-impact.html


Snake: http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2013/01/year-of-snake-business-impact_22.html


Dragon: http://davidvictorvector.blogspot.com/2012/01/year-of-dragon-business-impact.html



Business Impact

World's Busiest Travel Day -- The Asian New Year

The Asian New Year is arguably the most widely celebrated holidays on the planet, whatever the year. Because the celebration generally means that families gather together, the holiday is annually the single busiest travel day. The great movement of people is known in Chinese as Chunyun or the "Spring Movement." Chunyun runs for 40 days, beginning this year on February 1 and ending on March 12. The heaviest travel is that leading up to and during Golden Week, this year from February 15-21. The Chinese government estimates a total of 2.98 billion trips during this period. This is roughly the same as 2017, which is newsworthy as this is the first year in decades in which the number has not grown.

3.62 billion trips are expected for
the 2017 Chunyun in the PRC alone

An estimated 385 million Chinese are expected to travel on Golden Week from February 15 to March 21. To put this in perspective, the entire population of the United States is only 319 million. (Source: China News The Thanksgiving travel rush -- the largest in the United States -- is tiny by comparison with 51 million travelers (itself breaking a record) in November 2017.




Wuhan train station during 
Chunyun travel rush
In the PRC alone (excluding Hong Kong and Macau), the Chinese Ministry of Transport estimates that there will be 2.98 billion trips during the 2018 Chinese New Year season. Of these, 2.48 billion (a decline of 1.6% from last year) will be by road by car, motorcycle or bus, 390 million (an 8.8% increase) by train, and 65 million (a 10% increase) by plane. (Source: Beijing ReviewWhile the estimates for boat travel were not released, in 2017 that figure was 41.7 million or about 1.4% of all travel. (Source: South China Morning Post). 

The increase in high speed travel. The largest increase came with air travel, reaching a 10% increase over 2017. To achieve this, China added 30,000 new flights for the period, averaging 14,500 flights per day. To put this in perspective, the 65 million who will be flying during the Chunyun is equivalent to the entire population of France or more than the entire Pacific Coast of the United States (California, Oregon and Washington combined come to 52 million people). 

The 8.8% increase in train tickets sold was influenced by the growth of bullet train travel for 2018, with China adding 177 new high-speed train services for the Chunyun period, with a daily capacity of 100,000. It is with the statistics begin to get truly amazing. As indicated above, more than 390 million people are expected to travel by train during the Chunyun for 2018. If this number were a national population, just the people on the train would rank as the world's third most populous nation (well ahead of the current #3 United States' 319 million). Looking just at the figures for 2017 which are known (that is, not estimates), in just train travel alone, the China Railway Corporation recorded a daily average of 8.93 million people per day for the 2017 Chunyun period. To put this in perspective, this daily figure just of train travel is larger than the entire population of Austria (8.7 million) or the US state of Virginia (8.3 million). The highest single-day for train travel was broken in 2017, when 10.96 million people took to the train on February 2, 2017. Again to put this in perspective, the US state of Ohio (the country's 8th largest) has only 10.0 million people, and Greece (the EU's 10th most populous member) has a population of 10.8 million. Source: State Council of the PRC.



Ticket turnstiles in Shanghai, 2017 Chunyun

Additionally, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce estimates that 6.5 million Chinese will travel abroad outside of China for the Chinese New Year. To put this in perspective, 6.5 million people is equivalent to the entire US state of Indiana or (in European terms) larger than the entire population of Denmark. 

Note that these figures are for the mainland PRC alone. The Lunar New Year represents the biggest travel period in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan as well as for South Korea, Vietnam, Mongolia and Singapore. It is also a major travel time for Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese and Mongolian communities in such countries as Malaysia, Canada, Australia and the United States. 


Year of the Dog Special Issue Products
Because the Lunar New Year is a time of gift-giving, many companies have introduced Year of the Dog items for that purpose. The Chinese Ministry of Commerce estimates that for 2018 in China alone sales will come to $143 billion (900 billion yuan). 



Panerai Luminor Sealand
Year of the Dog watch
The Italian watchmaker Panerai Luminor Sealand has released a Year of the Dog watch that features a flip-cover lid with an elaborate gold-inlay rooster decoration. 
The Swiss luxury watchmaker Jacquet-Droz released its hand-crafted Year of the Dog watch with four watches. The first is a a choice of two miniature hand-painted designs. Both feature Pekinese dogs. One -- its "feminine" version shows the little dog amidst a bed of auspicious peonies -- 'the queen of flowers" -- chasing butterflies. The other shows a Pekinese standing guard in a landscape of rocks and green plants, "ensuring that this timepiece can grace a female or male wrist with equal sophistication." http://www.jaquet-droz.com/en/news/the-petite-heure-minute-celebrates-chinese-new-year The second set of watches show reliefs of a dog in a Chinese temp[le scene with a choice of yellow gold on a copper background with an onyx face or white gold on a copper background with a mother-of-pearl face.

Jacquet-Droz hand-painted Year of the Dog watches


Another Swiss luxury watchmaker Vacheron Constantin released a Year of the Dog watch in its Métiers d’Art Collection. The watches come in pink gold.Other luxury watchmakers with Year of the Dog designs include Blancpain, Chopard, Breguet, Graham, Ulysse Nardin, and Piaget. 

Swatch's Woof Watch
Another watchmaker with a Year of the Dog offering (though one of a somewhat less expensive price) is Swatch. The Swiss company has a special issue Lunar New Year Watch they call "The Woof Watch." The face depicts a playful puppy in lucky red with a heart on its collar.

A similarly more-wallet-friendly watch for the Year of the 
G-SHOCK's 
Year of the Dog watch
Dog was issued by Japan's G-SHOCK (a division of Casio). The watch features a golden outline of a dog that draws on both Japanese and Chinese folk art for its design. 
Swarovski's crystal puppy 
for the Year of the Dog
Not all the Year of the Dog items offered, of course, are watches. The Austrian crystal-maker Swarovski is offering a decorative blue crystal puppy this year. The piece is designed by Japanese artist Hiroshi Yoshii.


Victorinox's Year of the Dog
Swiss Army Knife
Tiffany Year of the Dog charm
Switzerland's Victorinox has put out a special Swiss Army Knife Huntsman edition for the Year of the Dog. The 16-utensil knife has a golden shepherd dog under a golden moon with the character for dog in its orb.

US jeweler Tiffany and Co. has offered up both a 18-karat gold dog with diamond eyes charm by Paloma Picasso. The Danish jewelry maker Pandora likewise issued a silver charm for the Chinese New Year, 

Harrod's Year of the Dog
cosmetic case

The UK high-end store Harrod's has a signature collection of Year of the Dog items, including a cosmetic case, red pencil, and notebook. All feature red dogs on white backgrounds.


Italy's Dolce & Gabbana introduced two entire lines of dog-themed items for the Year of the Dog, one for women and one for men. This is a larger affair than in their preceding Lunar Year offerings.


Dolce & Gabbana offered two entire Year of the Dog lines
Kate Spade
Year of the Dog purse



US-based Kate Spade's Year of the Dog offering features a Chow Chow purse and other dog-themed accessories. 


Longchamps Year of the Dog bag
Learning a lesson from last year's fiasco, French designer Longchamps provided a subtler design for its Year of the Dog bag than in previous Chinese New Year offerings. This year's soft lamb leather bags feature two stylish dog-paw prints, a hint of the dog rather than the garish barnyard bird in featured last year. Longchamps was criticized for misreading the sophistication level of the average Lunar New Year luxury goods buyer. 

By contrast, French designer Christian Dior had its biggest Lunar New Year disaster yet. Ben Kwok's article title in the Asia Times sums up the situation perfectly: "Dior's 'Year of the Dog' PR stunt comes back to bite it." Trying to be subtle in its design to avoid criticism it faced in other years, Dior decorated its offerings with just the golden character 狗 (gŏu in Mandarin or gau in Cantonese). This is the character for "dog" and its use was subtly employed, true, but this was nonetheless cross-culturally problematic (especially in southern China). This is because even though the word does mean "dog" in Chinese, it carries (when left without reference) to many negative meanings as well. As Kwok explains: 


“Guo pi” refers to some who talks bullshit, while other phrases include “guo niang yang” (“son of a bitch”), “gou nan nu” (used derogatorily about illicit lovers), and “guo guan” (a corrupt official). “Hanging a sheep’s head while selling dog meat” essentially means dishonest advertising. The most hated journalists are the paparazzi – or “gou zai dui.”
In Cantonese, the word “gau” for dog is even more of a curse word. Depending on the tone used, it can mean someone who cheats or be a synonym for the male genitalia. Kwok, Asia Times.

This would be equivalent to an Asian designer offering a fashion item with the word "bitch" printed on it, even if subtly done. For a bit of background, Dior had faced severe criticism in 2016's Year of the Monkey for treating Lunar New Year buyers as unsophisticated. Dior responded with a subtler Year of the Rooster bracelet in 2017. It seems that Dior learned its lesson only temporarily. 
Dior's cross-cultural Year of the Dog blunder

The Italian designer Gucci offered a whole line of items featuring two Boston Terriers. The two dogs are actually based on Gucci Creative Director Alessandro Michele's own two 
Gucci's Year of the Dog line
Boston Terriers, Bosco and Orso. The little dogs adorn a total of 63 different items including jean skirts, jean jackets, women's cardigans, men's bomber jackets, t-shirts, running shoes, purses, wallets, coin purses and keychains. The fashion items are appealing and, at least in that regard, were a success. The problem comes in the accompanying "animoji" that Gucci. 

Unlike Michele's actual dogs (which do feature in some of the ads) or his dogs' counterparts on Gucci's Lunar New Year offerings, the animated animal emoji is frightening. As Dami Lee writes in The Verge are "horrifying":


To be clear, I’m calling the Animoji “horrifying”, not the Boston terriers — I’m sure they’re lovely dogs. For one, these Animoji can’t even smile, or look anything other than intimidating and annoyed! Lee, The Verge
Gucci's "horrifying" Year of the Dog animoji

France's Louis Vuitton, by contrast, pulled off a coup. The fashion house's focus was arguably safer, choosing a Japanese dog motif (safer, because the Japanese has no negative dog expressions). In any case, Louis Vuitton didn't use the character (Chinese or Japanese). Their bag features a cartoon Japanese Shiba Inu and is simply cute, strongly appealing to the Japanese penchant for kawaii (a mix of adorable and lovable cuteness, famously known even in the West by the Hello Kitty craze, but much more widespread in Japanese fashion and culture at large than simply the Sanrio cat). At least in my mind, nothing else offered this year was as kawaii than Louis Vuitton's cartoon dog. The company additionally placed the precious pup across all its digital sources, including a set of   downloaded emoji for WeChat and a video entitled New Year New Tricks (see it here) featuring the dog played at its online store as well as WeChat and Weibo. 


Louis Vuitton's Year of the Dog toy dog and clutch purse




Smaller items that are regularly given as gifts are also themed with Year of the Dog motifs. Along this line, the US pen maker Cross has issued a highly detailed Year of the Dog black lacquer pen inlaid with a dog motif engraved in 23 karat gold pen topped with a red Swarovski crystal. The pens begin at US $348.
Cross Year of the Dog pen
For a much more expensive alternative, Japanese luxury pen maker Namiki likewise offers a Year of the Dog pen. The pens are crafted using the Japanese traditional maki-e lacquerwork with layered brushwork of gold and silver dust. Maki-e handcrafted objects have been associated with the nobility and military leaders in Japan since the Heian Period (794-1185). Accordingly, the pens runs around $7500. You can see the pen here. 

On the most expensive end, S. T. Dupont, the French luxury gadget maker, has also offered a Year of the Dog pen and well as a dog-themed lighter. The pens range in price from $7000  to $19,500 and, for the lighter, $19,996. Its more affordable The pens feature dogs on a red lacquer body with yellow gold, can 18-karat nib and gold pen stand. The lighter is a double flamed box on a stand with a dog guarding a Ruyi Buddhist ceremonial door made of gold. 


S.T. Dupont's Year of the Dog pens and lighter




The US cigarmaker Davidoff has introduced a Year of the Dog cigar limited production cigar line. These are high-end, hand-crafted cigars. This marks the fourth year that the company has done so. The cigars come in a collector's box. 

   

Davidoff Year of the Dog cigar line


Johnnie Walker
Year of the Dog offering

In alcoholic drinks, Scotland's Johnnie Walker has introduced a special Blue Label Year of the Dog limited edition. As the company's webpage describes it, "This unique and intricate design tells the story of Johnnie Walker and his clever canine companion journeying around the world, bringing good fortune to all as they rejoice in the arrival of the new year."

Patrón Tequila 
Year of the Dog Special Issue
 



Mexico's Patrón has similarly introduced a Year of the Dog special edition of its tequila. The tin in which the bottle 
comes was designed by Chinese artist Yao Xiao and features a stylized Chinese guard dog in bright red surroundings beneath a sky of fireworks. 


Tito's Vodka -- "the vodka for dog lovers"--
offers a Year of the Dog vodka bag
Perhaps the most important alcoholic offering for the Year of the Dog is Tito's Vodka. The company calls itself "Vodka for Dog People," and quite independent of this year's lunar calendar animal. calendar animal, Tito's has run a charity that has been helping find homes for stray dogs since 1997. Therefore, it is only fitting that for the Year of the Dog, the Vodka for Dog People has offered a Year of the Dog bottle bag. As Nickolaus Hines writes in Supercall (the spirits and cocktail guide publication): "If there's a better way to carry around your vodka, it hasn't been invented yet."

In another area, the US-based Estee Lauder has released a Year of the Case cosmetics case. France's Yves Saint-Laurent has offered a new "Chinese New Year Palette" in a gold and red case (though with no sign of a zodiac animal).

These represent just some of the Year of the Dog products that have come out in honor of the Lunar New Year. If you have others, please do add them in the comments to this blog.


Precious Metal Coins 
for the Year of the Dog

Also affected by the Year of the Dog is the demand for precious metals. Since the Lunar New Year is a time of gift-giving, many governments issue precious metal collectors' coins.

The Monetary Authority of Singapore, for instance, annually issues a series of Lunar New Year coins. This year begins their second coin of their fourth lunar year animal cycle, having completed three other 12-year cycles in 2016. For 2018, Singapore has released 10 versions. The coins available for the Year of the Dog range from a SIN $2.00 nickel-plated zinc coin to a SIN $200 5 troy ounce, 999.9 fine gold coin.  All 10 versions bear the same image of a curious dog with a background depicting the Singapore Botanic Gardens in the background. The obverse will have the customary Singapore Coat of arms.

Monetary Authority of Singapore
Year of the Dog Boxed Set



The Royal Australian Mint has issued six coins. Five of these are round, silver coins and show a dog with its design by Stevan Stojanovic and Vladimir Gottwald. The circular coins range from 25 mm at 9 gram to 99.95 mm at 1 kilogram. The sixth coin is a 14-sided, copper-nickel AU 50 cent coin featuring a separate design (also by Stojanovic) of a rooster standing beside a bamboo grove. All of the coins feature Queen Elizabeth on their fronts.



Royal Australia Mint Year of the Dog coins

Not to be confused with the Royal Australian Mint, the Perth Mint of Australia for the Year of the Dog has issued a series of 99.9% pure gold coins, and a 99.9% pure silver coins. There are seven silver coins ranging from an AUD 50-cent  ½ ounce 110 kilo silver coin going for AUD $300.00. The silver coins Queen Elizabeth on one side and a looking over its shoulder on the other side. There are eight gold coins ranging from an AUD $5.00 1/20 ounce coin to a 1 kilo gold coin costing UUD $3000.00 (roughly US $3838). The gold coins feature a Labrador Retriever beside a stylized pine tree. The silver coin depicts a reclining German shepherd mother with its puppy alongside blooming peonies. A colored version of the silver coin is offered with a blue sapphire for the dog's eye.  



Perth Mint of Australia Year of the Dog coins
Last year was the first-ever Lunar New Year coin for three newcomers: Macedonia, Cameroon and Rwanda. All three have continued this year with the Year of the Dog. 

Macedonia's two coin offerings are both colorized 28.28 gram silver pieces. One depicts a giant black-and-tan dog guarding a home and the other shows a black-and-tan puppy pulling an two-wheeled wagon full of gold coins. 

Macedonia's Year of the Dog coins

Rwanda's second time offering Lunar New Year coins comes as a stylized mosaic-like running dog in both a 31.1 gram silver coin and a 31.1 gram gold coin.

Rwanda Year of the Dog coin

Cameroon's second-ever the Lunar New Year coin offerings is one of the most unique. The highly-detailed coin shows almost every hair and is done in deep relief of black on a silver base. The coin is issued by the Monedo Nueva. The image of a dog's face takes up almost the entirety of the front of the coin. The back of the coin is the seal of the nation of Cameroon.




Cameroon's Year of the Dog (with friend)

The island nation of Niue has offered a Disney-themed coin put out by the New Zealand Mint introduced its first-ever Disney-themed Lunar New Year coin. The New Zealand mint has run many other Disney-themed coins ranging from Darth Vader to Steamboat Willie, but this is a new area for them. This Year of the Dog coin features Mickey Mouse in front of a stylized dog with the Chinese character for dog on its front. The reverse shows the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II with a map of Niue.



Niue's Mickey Mouse Year of the Dog coin
The government of Fiji again has issued a Year of the Dog commemorative coin enhanced by a pearl (the color of the pearl changes annually). This year's offering is a silver coin with two 24-karat gold dogs racing with their ears flapping as they chase a central rose-colored pearl.


 Fiji's Year of the Dog 2018 coin featuring a pink-colored pearl

Canada has issued eight new Year of the Dog coins in its Lunar New Year series. These include a set of five fairly affordable coins, including for only the second time coins starting at CAN $10.00. The price range from there to a CAN $2500 coin. The $10 coin shows an elaborate dog designed by Aries Cheung on a round coin with two different variations of the same dog. 

Additionally, Canada has once again its unique scalloped-shaped coins. This time featuring a sharpei by artist Simon Ng.  Canada has also released a CAN $250 silver and a CAN $2500 gold coin for the high-end market.


 
Canada's 2018 Year of the Dog coins

The Royal Mint of the United Kingdom continued its Lunar New Year mintage with its fifth Lunar Zodiac offering (the UK began only minting such coins five years ago). As with previous years, the coins were designed by UK artist Wuon-Gean Ho. The coins come in a range of three silver and three gold weights and feature a Jack Russell-West Highland Terrier, a breed which originated in Scotland. The leaping terrier runs against a background of the biometric nose print of a greyhound (dog's have nose prints as distinctive finger prints of a human). 



The UK's Jack Russell-West Highland  Terrier
Year of the Dog coin


 Belarus
Year of the Dog coin
Belarus issued a Lunar Zodiac coin again this year (its fourth since beginning with 2015's Year of the Horse)  The Year of the Dog coin comes in one denomination only: 92.5% pure silver. The coin features a whimsical lunar dog in a space suit surrounded by rocket ships, stars and moons with the Belarussian words for Year of the Dog in Cyrillic script. On the obverse side as in years past, the coin depicts the working of a clock, enhanced with cubic zirconium stone with Cyrllic and Chinese writing.



One of the more unique coins issued is from the Laos Mint. The 99.99% silver coin has a Burmese jade ring at its center inside of which is a golden shepherd dog. Along the outside of the jade, eight dogs striking various poses. 



 Laos Year of the Dog with Burmese jade and silver coin

The People's Republic of China has 17 Year of the Dog coins in various denominations and shapes. They come in 10 round coins as well as fan-shaped, rectangular and plum blossom shapes in various weights of gold and silver. The images all have the Chinese national emblem on one side and either a colorized red folk-design dog with auspicious lotuses or an uncolored realistic short-haired Chow Chow standing in front of a background of the heavenly dog.



China's 2018 Year of the Dog coins

In addition to those mentioned above, special Year of the Rooster silver and/or gold coins have been issued (as in years past) by Bhutan, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, the Solomon Islands, the French Monnaie de Paris, the National Bank of Ukraine, the Macau Mint, and the Mints of the Pacific nations of Palau, of Tuvalu and of the Cook Islands as well as the New Zealand protectorate of Tokelau.  

Year of the Dog Postage Stamps
Issuing Lunar New Year commemorative postage stamps has become an annual tradition in many countries, and an entire philatelic tradition of collecting these special issues has a wide following both in and outside of Asia.

Arguably the most important stamp issued for the Year of the Dog this year is The People's Republic of China's issue. China's stamp was issued by Zhou Lingzhao. The 99-year-old Zhou is the artist who painted the iconic portrait of Mao Zedong that hangs in Tiananmen Square. Zhou was also the artist who designed China's national emblem as well as the country's Medal of Liberation. He is also the chief designer of China's currency. 


Unveiling of the Year of the Dog stamps
designed by arguably China's greatest living artist
Zhao Lingzhao

The Zhao Lingzhao-designed stamps were unveiled in a major ceremony at the Nanjing Museum on January 5, 2018. 


The United States is a relative newcomer to the Lunar New Year stamps, with the Year of the Dog stamp for 2018 the eleventh it has issued. This year the US Postal Service has issued a subtle Year of the Dog stamp whose primary image is not the dog but a lucky bamboo plant. There is a dog but this is to the sides. To the left of the bamboo plant is a paper-cut dog by Chinese American folk artist Clarence Lee and to the right is the character for rooster done in grass-style by calligrapher Lau Bun.  Both Lee and Bun's workhave decorated all seven of the 10 previous Lunar New Year USPS stamps).

USPS 2018 Year of the Dog stamp

Canada Post traditionally issues a pair of stamps for each lunar new year, one for domestic and one for international use. Both stamps this year depict Chinese lanterns with dogs on them Both have the word "Dog" written in French, English and Chinese. The Chinese character calligraphy in the lower left corner of each stamp is done by Order of Ontario recipient Albert Ng. The lantern with their dogs on both stamps were designed by Canadian artist Meimei Mao.



Canada Post Year of the Dog 2018 stamps


All three Singapore's 2018 Year of the Dog stamps are (once again) designed by Singaporean artist Leo Teck Chong. Each features playful dogs. On the local stamp, the dog appears to be circling the character for dog, on the 70 cent stamp the dog is turning around and chasing the character -- and on the $1.30 there are do dogs in play.




Singapore's 2018 Year of the Dog stamps

Vietnam's Tet stamp for the Year of the Dog feature simple, Vietnamese folk art designs. The designs emphasize the simple design and echo a traditional Vietnamese paper art.



Vietnam's 2018 Tet Year of the Dog folk art design stamps




Liechtenstein
Year of the Dog stamp
As is annually the case, among the most elaborate stamp issues for the Lunar New Year comes from Liechtenstein. The 2018 Year of the Dog offering features a red dog design with  created from an intricate silhouette cut using a laser. Additionally, the stamp comes on a sheet of four in which the sheet itself is shaped liked a dog.

Among other special issue postage stamps are those from Antigua & Barbuda, Australia, Christmas Island, Croatia, France, Guernsey Islands, Hong Kong, Hungary, Japan, Jersey Islands, Montserrat, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan,Thailand and the United Kingdom.




 Conclusion
As with all of my posts on this blog, this is meant only to give the view of one person (me). There are far more expert writers than myself... this is just a taste. 

Gung Hay Fat Choy! (May prosperity be with you!)



Further Reading


Bloomberg News, "China Readies for World's Biggest Human Migration: Quick Take Q & A," January 23, 2017: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-01-23/china-readies-for-world-s-biggest-human-migration-quicktake-q-a


Channel News Asia, "SingPost issues new stamp to usher in Year of the Dog," January 24, 2018: https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/singpost-issues-new-stamp-set-to-usher-in-year-of-the-dog-9831404

Ben Kwok, Asia Times, "Dior's 'Year of the Dog' PR stunt comes back to bite it,"  February 6, 2018: http://www.atimes.com/article/diors-year-dog-pr-stunt-comes-back-bite/

Dami Lee, "Gucci made its own horrifying custom ‘Year of the Dog’ Animoji," The Verge, January 31, 2018: https://www.theverge.com/tldr/2018/1/31/16957446/gucci-app-year-of-the-dog-animoji

https://www.theverge.com/tldr/2018/1/31/16957446/gucci-app-year-of-the-dog-animoji Weida Li, "365 million set to travel during Chinese Golden Week," GBTimes, February 9, 2018, https://gbtimes.com/385-million-set-to-travel-during-chinese-new-year-golden-week

Daniel Moss and Kinling Lo, "China's massive Lunar New Year Travel Rush: where are they going and how?" South China Morning Post, January 25, 2017, http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2065264/chinas-massive-lunar-new-year-travel-rush-where-are-they-going  


Kerry Rodgers,  "Year of the Dog coins for loyal collectors," Numismatic News, January 30, 2018: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors  

Gordon Watts, "A tale of Chinese spending power in the Year of the Dog," Asia Times, February 10, 2018: http://www.atimes.com/article/tale-chinese-spending-power-year-dog/
Xinhua, "Some 2.98 billion trips expected to be made during Spring Festival travel rush," February 2, 2018, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201802/02/WS5a73d3ada3106e7dcc13a617.html

Yang Yi, "Chinese design legend creates stamps for Year of the Dog," Xinhua, January 5, 2018: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-01/05/c_136875069.htm

Clip Art
Opening clip art: https://www.123rf.com/photo_76843154_stock-vector-2018-happy-new-year-greeting-card-celebration-background-with-dog-2018-chinese-new-year-of-the-dog-v.html

.62 billion trips are expected for  the 2017 Chunyun in the PRC alone: https://thenanfang.com/plan-early-you-can-soon-buy-train-tickets-in-china-60-days-ahead/

Wuhan train station during Chunun travel rush: Christian Science Monitor, January 30, 2013: http://www.csmonitor.com/Photo-Galleries/In-Pictures/China-s-chun-yun-peak-travel-season#250370


Panerai Laminar SealanYear of the Dog watch: https://www.highsnobiety.com/2017/10/28/panerai-year-of-the-dog-luminor-sealand/

Jacquet-Droz hand-painted Year of the Dog watches: http://www.jaquet-droz.com/en/news/the-petite-heure-minute-celebrates-chinese-new-year

Swatch's Woof Watch: https://www.2luxury2.com/year-of-the-dog-watches-reliable-time-companions-wherever-one-may-be-just-like-the-dog/

G-SHOCK's Year of the Dog watch: https://www.2luxury2.com/year-of-the-dog-watches-reliable-time-companions-wherever-one-may-be-just-like-the-dog/

Swarovski's crystal puppy for the Year of the Dog: https://www.2luxury2.com/year-of-the-dog-watches-reliable-time-companions-wherever-one-may-be-just-like-the-dog/

Victorinox's Year of the Dog Swiss Army Knife: https://www.2luxury2.com/year-of-the-dog-watches-reliable-time-companions-wherever-one-may-be-just-like-the-dog/

Tiffany Year of the Dog charm: http://international.tiffany.com/jewelry/items/palomas-chinese-zodiac-dog-charm-25934474?omcid=SMPF2&utm_campaign=Social_Media_Shared_Link&utm_medium=social_media&utm_source=Pinterest_Share&utm_content=&utm_term=

Harrod's Year of the Dog cosmetic case: https://www.harrods.com/en-gb/harrods/chinese-year-of-the-dog-cosmetic-case-2018-p000000000005763261

Dolce & Gabbana offered two entire Year of the Dog lines: http://www.dolcegabbana.com/?_ga=2.88702427.1119092523.1518791804-1653552494.1518791804

Kate Spade Year of the Dog purse: https://www.katespade.com/products/year-of-the-dog-chow-chow-small-lottie/098687153195.html?utm_source=googlepla&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=098687153195&gclid=CKn4rcvZqtkCFZaQxQIdxDUOYA&gclsrc=ds

Longchamps Year of the Dog bag: http://www.harpersbazaar.com.sg/fashion/longchamp-mr-bags-capsule-collection-chinese-new-year/?agallery=124227&aslide=2

Dior's cross-cultural Year of the Dog blunder: http://www.atimes.com/article/diors-year-dog-pr-stunt-comes-back-bite/

Gucci's Year of the Dog line: https://www.standard.co.uk/fashion/news/gucci-dog-chinese-new-year-collection-a3747031.html

Gucci's "horrifying" Year of the Dog animoji: https://www.theverge.com/tldr/2018/1/31/16957446/gucci-app-year-of-the-dog-animoji


Cross Year of the Dog pen: https://www.cross.com/en/products/at0045-54


Davidoff Year of the Dog cigar line: http://davidoff.com/year-of-the-dog


Patrón Tequila Year of the Dog Special Issue: https://www.patrontequila.com/products/chinese-new-year-tin.html

Tito's Vodka -- "the vodka for dog lovers"-- offers a Year of the Dog vodka bag: https://www.trbusiness.com/regional-news/international/titos-prepares-for-chinese-new-year-with-df-exclusive/133969Monetary Authority of Singapore Year of the Dog boxed set:  http://www.mas.gov.sg/News-and-Publications/Media-Releases/2017/MAS-Unveils-2018-Year-of-the-Dog-Chinese-Almanac-Coins.aspx

Royal Australia Mint Year of the Dog coins: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors

Perth Mint of Australia Year of the Dog coins: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors


Macedonia's Year of the Dog coins:  http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors

Rwanda Year of the Dog coin: https://www.jmbullion.com/2018-1-oz-proof-rwandan-silver-lunar-dog/

Cameroon's Year of the Dog (with friend): http://agaunews.com/moneda-nueva-back-in-the-lunar-market-with-a-dog/

Niue's Mickey Mouse Year of the Dog coin: http://agaunews.com/new-zealand-mint-expands-its-bullion-range-with-a-disney-themed-lunar/

Fiji's Year of the Dog 2018 coin featuring a pink-colored pearl: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors

Canada's 2018 Year of the Dog coins: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors

The UK's Jack Russell-West Highland  Terrier Year of the Dog coin: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors

Belarus Year of the Dog coin: http://www.numismaticnews.net/article/year-dog-coins-loyal-collectors

Laos Year of the Dog with Burmese jade and silver coin:  https://thecoinshoppe.ca/product/lunar-year-of-dog-2018-2-oz-pure-silver-coin-with-jade-laos/

China's 2018 Year of the Dog coins: https://thecoinshoppe.ca/product/lunar-year-of-dog-2018-2-oz-pure-silver-coin-with-jade-laos/

Unveiling of the Year of the Dog stamps designed by arguably China's greatest living artist Zhao Lingzhao: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-01/05/c_136875069.htm

USPS 2018 Year of the Dog stamp: https://www.linns.com/news/us-stamps-postal-history/2017/december/symbols-good-fortune-celebrate-year-of-dog-stamp.html

Canada Post Year of the Dog 2018 stamps: https://www.canadapost.ca/shop/year-of-the-dog-stamps-and-collectibles.jsf

Singapore's 2018 Year of the Dog stamps: http://philatelynews.com/chinese-new-year-2018-year-of-the-dog-stamps/

Vietnam's 2018 Tet Year of the Dog folk art design stamps: http://philatelynews.com/chinese-new-year-2018-year-of-the-dog-stamps/

Liechtenstein Year of the Dog stamp: http://philatelynews.com/chinese-new-year-2018-year-of-the-dog-stamps/